Conveyor Belt Structure

Rubber conveyor belts structure

Rubber conveyor belts are used to carry products continually at some distance or range and usually offer the most comfortable and economic advantages in the transportation of products.

The rubber conveyor belt has been used for long years in lot of industrial areas, from the escalator in the shop and metro, to all types of sectors, such as coal and ore, transport of materials in the concrete industry and half-finished products and unloading at the ports, at the railway station and the warehouse.

In order to offer the finest rubber  conveyor belt appropriate for these sectors and to meet clients, we offer different products categorized by type of carcass, fabric inserts, cover rubber, implementation and design.

The basic design of the rubber conveyor belt generally consists of different types of cover rubber, insert - called carcass, reinforced fabric - usually polyester or nylon and adhesive rubber or steel cords.


1. Cover rubber. The conveyor belt's top layer usually is made of natural or synthetic rubber, and is called cover rubber which protects the carcass. It has abrasion, temperature, petroleum, chemical, static and fire-resistant characteristics and depends on the working conditions.

The top cover of the rubber conveyor belt can be modified depending on the requirements and be Abrasion Resistant, Cut Resistant, Heat, Oil, Cold Resistant, Flame Resistant, or offerEnergy Saving Compounds.

2. Carcass. Maintains the tension of the rubber conveyor belts and supports the transported products. The carcass of the rubber conveyor belt usually is made of excellent bonded rubber using coated cloth, nylon, polyester, steel wire or aramid. Steel Cord, NN (Nylon-Nylon), EP (Poliester-Nylon), SW (Straight Warp), Aramid fibers or other materials

3. Adhesive Rubber. Maintains the adhesive power between all layers of carcass and the cover rubber and keeps their durable flexibility and tension.

4. Reinforced cover. It is used to protect the carcass in case that the products are larger or a tear occurs because significantly shaken in worse working conditions than specified, putting excess load on the top cover  and carcass.